Inline Scripting with "Formula" Attributes
Some element attribute values, such as the Label element's Caption attribute and the Calculated Column element's Formula attribute, are categorized as "formula" attributes. This means they can evaluate inline script expressions and use the results as their values. In attributes where what to do might be ambiguous - display the text or evaluate it - the use of a leading equals sign (=) is used to indicate that the text should be evaluated. Typically, the functions
in these expressions are the standard intrinsic functions and run at the server.
For example, consider the Label element attributes shown above. The Caption attribute contains an expression that starts with an equals sign and calls the intrinsic Left() function in an expression, and will result in the word "Logi" appearing on the report page. This is an easy way to work with individual functions.
Later, we'll see how to include external files with custom functions that can be called in formula attributes.
Elements that support inline scripting also have an Error Result attribute. If something is specified in this attribute, it will be displayed or used instead of the expression result if an error occurs.
The default Error Result varies depending on the element. For example, for the Condition Filter, the default is False. For the Calculated Column and Extra Crosstab Calculated Column elements, the default is blank. For other elements, the default is ???.
Two special constants are available to control error handling related to expressions that have the possibility of causing a divide-by-zero situation. If needed, specify these constants in the _Settings definition:
rdInfinityErrorResult - Specifies a global result for expressions that may produce a divide-by-zero situation (result: infinity), sparing developers the task of specifying a result on a per-element basis in their Error Result attributes.